Inventory Control for Eyeglass Supply Using the P Model Based on Sales Products Sales Forecasting (Case Study: Merry Optic Bandung)

Adi Suripto, Julita Nahar, Herlina Napitupulu


Inventory is a resource owned by the company to be used in the production process to meet consumer demand. Companies must be able to control inventory appropriately in order to avoid excess or shortage of inventory by using inventory control. Inventory control is a necessary part of a company that requires an appropriate inventory policy to meet uncertain needs. Based on this background, this study discusses the single item inventory model in the form of photochromic glasses at Merry Optik to find the optimal total inventory cost. In meeting the uncertain needs of the company, the Additive Decomposition forecasting method is used in order to find out the forecast sales data pattern in the future. Uncertain demand causes the inventory system to be probabilistic, so it is necessary to carry out probabilistic inventory control. The P model of the case of back orders was chosen because the range of ordering periods is fixed and the company can buy inventory when it runs out before the time the inventory order is made so that buyers can wait until the inventory arrives. By using Model P for the case of back orders, the company can obtain the period between orders, the total cost of inventory, and the optimal level of service. Based on the results of this study, a pattern of sales forecast data is obtained which repeats every 12 months. Companies must order glasses within a period of 32 days between orders so that it is optimal and able to provide a reduction in the total inventory cost of IDR 21,828,771 with a service level of 95%. Companies can save on inventory costs if they use shorter periods between orders. The total cost of inventory can be more optimal if the company reduces the cost of storing inventory in the warehouse.


Probabilistics Inventory Control, Forecasting, Additive Decomposition Method, Model P

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